Saturday, November 13, 2010

Candi Borobudur Buddha Statue

Buddha statues at a glance look the same. However, can be identified based on his or mudranya attitude that of placement based on the directions of the compass. Buddhism has the characteristics based statue of Buddha during a meditative position.

Buddha statues at Borobudur Temple

Characteristics of statues of Buddha:

> At the end of the head, curly hair of the Buddha and is always in a clockwise direction and a bun ushnisa).
> On the forehead there is a small bulge that is called (urna).
> In the Buddha's neck if the note contained the lines of three pieces symbolize patience and also as the perfect man.
> Buddha statues have long ears as if the Buddha image is All-Hearing.
> Eyes half closed as depicted Buddha symbolizes people who do yoga that aims to help concentration. After closing his eyes and then attention is directed to the tip of the nose to help concentration.

Parts of the body, the whole statue of Buddha there is no wear oversized clothes, wearing only a robe. Cloak it only cover part of his chest. No one fully cover her entire body. Upper right chest was left open, while the left is closed. Clothes just a plain cloth signifies Buddhist attitude that has left the earthly things.

The attitude of Buddha's hand also symbolizes different things called Mudra. Mudra is an indication or identification of what is being done Buddha. Attitudes legs crossed and was in the form of a lotus throne, called Padmasana. Right foot onto the soles of his feet propped open on the left leg. The attitude of the right foot into a kind of crutch body for relaxation during meditation. The body language exhibited by both the attitude of Buddha's hand and shoulder showed gestures like people are doing yoga. Placement of the statue of Buddha in the direction of the wind directions.

Here are Dyani Buddha statues of Buddha by Mudra:

Source image: Soekmono, R., Introduction to the Cultural History of Indonesia 2, Yogyakarta: Canisius Publishers, 1993.

1. NORTH: Dhyani Buddha Amoghasidhi with Abhaya-Mudra (a = negate, bhaya = danger). Buddhist statue with mudra / attitude palms facing forward, the intention is eliminating hazards / reject danger.
2. SOUTH: Dhyani Buddha Ratnasambhawa. Buddhist statues to be hand-Wara Mudra. Wara-granting mudra symbolizes charity, give gifts or blessings.
3. WEST: Dhyani Buddha Amitabha. Buddhist statue with attitude Dhyana-mudra symbolizes the attitude of the hand or a moment of silence was meditating.
4. EAST: Dhyani Buddha Aksobhiya. Buddha statue symbolizes the Bhumispara-mudra, which describes the current attitude of the hands of the Buddha calling the earth goddess, as a witness when he deflect all demonic attacks (mara).
5. Zenith / CENTER: Dhyani Buddha Wairocana. Buddhist statue with an attitude symbolized Dharma Chakra Mudra motion-dharma wheel. In the Temple of Borobudur, Mudra is illustrated by the attitude of the hand called Witarka-Mudra.

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