Sunday, May 29, 2011
Mount Rinjani is a mountain located on the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. Mountain which is the second highest volcano in Indonesia with an altitude of 3726 m above sea level and located at a latitude of 8 º 25 'latitude and 116 º 28' BT is a favorite for mountain climbers Indonesia for its beautiful scenery. This mountain is part of Mount Rinjani National Park which has an area of approximately 41,330 ha and this will be proposed the addition to be 76 000 ha to the west and east.
Administratively, the mountain is located within the territory of three districts: East Lombok, Central Lombok and West Lombok.
Segara Anak crater lake with Mount Barujari on the shores of the lake views from the summit of Mount Rinjani in the east.
Mount Rinjani with the highest point 3726 m above sea level, dominating most of the views of the northern island of Lombok.
In the west there is a caldera cone Rinjani area of about 3,500 m × 4800 m, extending west towards the east you. In the caldera have Segara Anak (ocean = sea, lake) area of 11 million sq m with a depth of 230 m. The water that flows from this lake to form a very beautiful waterfall, flowing through a steep ravine. In Segara Anak numerous carp and tilapia that are often used for fishing. The south side of this lake called Segara Endut.
On the east side of the caldera there are New Mountain (or Mount Barujari) which has a crater measuring 170m × 200 m with a height of 2296-2376 m above sea level. This small mountain last active / erupted since May 2, 2009 and during May, after also previously erupted in 2004. If the eruption in 2004 claimed no lives, eruption in 2009 which has already claimed lives of 31 people indirectly, because of flash floods in the crow (River) Tanggek due to the insistence of lava into the Segara Anak. Previously, Mount Barujari ever recorded erupted in 1944 (and establishment), 1966, and 1994.
To get to Mount Rinjani, climbers can use the direct bus from Jakarta to Mataram with a cross using the ferry twice (the Strait of Bali and Lombok Strait). The relationship there is also air from Jakarta, Surabaya and Denpasar.
Rinjani has panaroma is arguably the best among the mountains in Indonesia. Each year (June-August) visited by many nature lovers from local residents, students, nature lovers. The average air temperature of 20 ° C, the lowest 12 ° C. Strong winds are common at peak in August. Luckily the end of this July, the wind is still quite weak and the weather is sunny, so the climb to the summit can be done anytime.
Besides the peak, a place that is frequented ly, a crater lake at an altitude of 2,000 masl. To reach this location we can climb from the village or village Senaru Sembalun Lawang (two nearest entry point at an altitude of 500 masl and 1,200 masl). Many climbers like the start entry of Sembalun direction, it can save a 700m altitude. Route Sembalun rather long but flat, and the weather is hotter because it is through the scorching savanna (cold temperatures, but direct solar radiation burns the skin). solar thermal barrier cream is recommended.
From the direction Senaru incline without pause, but soft because of the weather through the forest. From both these locations on foot takes about 9 hours to the lips of the ridge at an altitude of 2700 masl (arriving in Plawangan Senaru or Plawangan Sembalun). In this place overlooking the lake, or to the outside is very nice. From Plawangan Senaru (if rising from the direction of Senaru) down to the lake through the steep wall to a height of 2000 meters above sea level) that can be taken within 2 hours. On the lake we can camping, fishing (Carper, Mujair) are aplenty. Residents have a tradition of visiting Lombok ly to soak in hot tubs and fishing.
To reach the top (of the lake) had to walk up the west wall as high as 700 m and 1,000 m-high ridge climb to be taken in 2 phase 3 hours and 4 hours. The first stage towards Plawangan Sembalun, the last camp to wait for the morning. Summit attack is usually done at 3 o'clock dawn to find the beautiful moments - the sunrise at the top of Rinjani. The trip to the Peak classified tolerable, because climbing the lip of the crater with a margin of safety is mediocre. Medan sand, stone, soil. 200 meters final height should be reached with difficulty, because one step forward followed by a half step down (fallen rocks gravel). Create a highlander - this place is the most challenging and unpaid preferred because rough terrain with beautiful natural scenery. Mount Agung in Bali, Mount Ijen-Merapi in Banyuwangi and Mount Tambora on Sumbawa clearly visible when the weather is nice in the morning. To climb Rinjani no tools required, just stamina, patience and "passion".
The entire trip can be achieved in the program three days and two nights, or if you want to see two other objects: Cave New Finger Milk and mountain (Mount Rinjani child with a new crater in the middle of the lake) need an additional two days of travel. Logistics preparation is necessary, but fortunately everything can be obtained in a nearby village. Tent, sleeping bag, eating utensils, food and whatever is needed (including radio communications) can be rented from the homestay, homestay is flourishing in the village Senaru.