Sunday, July 3, 2011
Fort Rotterdam or Fort Ujung Pandang (Fri Pandang) is a fortress of the Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo relic. The location of the fort was located on the west coast of Makassar, South Sulawesi.
The fort was built in 1545 by King of Gowa-9 is named I Manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tumpa'risi 'kallonna. This fort was originally made from clay, but in the reign of King of Gowa-14 Sultan Alauddin construction of the fort was changed to rocks sourced from the Karst Mountains in the Maros. Ujung Pandang fort is shaped like a turtle that was about to crawl down into the ocean. In terms of its shape is very clear philosophy of the Kingdom of Gowa, that turtles can live on land and at sea. So even with the Kingdom of Gowa who triumphed on land and at sea.
The original name of this fort is Fort Ujung Pandang, commonly also Gowa-Makassar people call this fort as Fort Panyyua which is the headquarters of Gowa Kingdom frogmen. Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo Bungayya finally signed an agreement that one of the articles require the kingdom of Gowa to surrender the fort to the Dutch. At the time the Dutch occupied the fort, the name was changed to Fort Ujung Pandang Fort Rotterdam. Cornelis Speelman deliberately chose the name Fort Rotterdam in memory of his homeland in the Netherlands. The fort was later used by the Dutch as a central storage of spices in eastern Indonesia.
In the complex there now Ujung Pandang Fort Museum La Galigo in which there were many references to the historical greatness of Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) and other areas in South Sulawesi. Most buildings of this fort is still intact and become one of the attractions in Makassar.