Sunday, July 24, 2011
Paradise Bay National Park
Paradise Bay National Park is representative ecosystems of coral reefs, beaches, mangrove islands and mainland tropical forests in Papua / Irian Jaya.
Paradise Bay National Park is the largest marine national park waters in Indonesia, consisting of land and coastal (0.9%), mainland islands (3.8%), coral reefs (5.5%), and ocean waters ( 89.8%).
Potential reef Paradise Bay National Park recorded 150 species from 15 families, and 18 islands scattered on the banks of large and small. The percentage of live coral cover varied between 30.40% to 65.64%. Generally, the coral reef ecosystem is divided into two zones: the reef flat (reef flat) and reef slope zones (reef slope). The types of coral can be seen include blue coral colony (Heliopora coerulea), black coral (Antiphates sp.), And Pectiniidae Faviidae family, as well as various types of soft coral.
Paradise Bay National Park is famous for rich in fish species. Recorded approximately 209 species of fish among the inhabitants of this region butterflyfish, angelfish, damselfish, parrotfish, rabbitfish, and Anemonefish.
Types of mollusks, among others, cowries (Cypraea spp.), Snails strombidae (Lambis spp.), Cone snails (Conus spp.), Triton trumpet (Charonia tritonis), and giant clam (Tridacna gigas).
There are four species of sea turtles that frequent this park land on the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), cracked turtle (Lepidochelys olivaceae), and leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea). Dugongs (Dugong dugon), blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus), coconut crabs (Birgus latro), dolphins, and sharks are often seen in the waters of Paradise Bay National Park.